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Foundational Documents and their source materials will be added here throughout the proceedings.

Visit the calendar to see a schedule for proceedings including details on when Foundational Documents are being shared.

Foundational Documents

Foundational Documents share the key facts and events leading up to, during and after the mass casualty. To see a list of the Foundational Documents that will be shared through phase one public proceedings, click here.

  • Portapique, April 18-19, 2020

    This document summarizes information currently available to the Commission in relation to the events on April 18 and 19, 2020, in Portapique, Nova Scotia. It addresses the homicides in the Portapique area and also discusses the shooting of a witness and an assault. Focus is placed on the observations of residents in the Portapique area. The movements of the perpetrator through the community are also considered.

    View Document (PDF 10 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0050893
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • First Responder Actions in Portapique

    This document summarizes material currently available to the Commission in relation to the events overnight on April 18 and April 19, 2020, at Portapique, Nova Scotia. It covers a period from approximately 10:00 p.m. on April 18, 2020, to 5:00 a.m. on April 19, 2020, and addresses the actions, decision-making, and communications of RCMP first responders in the Portapique community during the earliest hours of the mass casualty. It also addresses the actions of the emergency health services and emergency fire responses during this time. This document makes reference to homicides in the Portapique area. It also mentions the shooting of a witness.

    View Document (PDF 11 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0050894
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Containment Points in and Around Portapique

    This document summarizes material currently available to Mass Casualty Commission counsel in relation to the events of April 18 and 19, 2020, in Portapique, Nova Scotia. It covers the RCMP’s containment efforts in and around Portapique from April 18, 2020, at 10:25:57 p.m. until April 19, 2020, at 9:42:30 a.m. — from when the first RCMP member arrived in Portapique to when members were alerted to the Wentworth homicide call via Colchester radio. Focus is placed on data obtained from Global Positioning System (GPS) trackers on RCMP vehicles and on the first-hand accounts of the responding members. We note that the GPS data does not show the movement of RCMP members on foot. Specific reference is made in this document of a homicide in Wentworth.

    View Document (PDF 3 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0050895
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Overnight in Debert

    This document summarizes information currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the April 18/19, 2020, overnight period in Debert, Nova Scotia. It addresses video surveillance and civilian witness observations of the perpetrator’s movements from approximately 10:51 p.m. on April 18,
    2020, to 5:45 a.m. on April 19, 2020. This document also describes the discovery of physical evidence on April 26, 27, and 30, 2020, behind a local business in the Debert Business Park.

    View Document (PDF 5 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0051979
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • 2328 Hunter Road

    This document summarizes evidence currently available to the Commission in relation to the events on April 19, 2020, at Hunter Road, Wentworth, Nova Scotia. It addresses homicides in the area. Reference is also made to the homicide in Wentworth. Focus is placed on civilian and police observations, communications and responses. The movement of the perpetrator between 5:45 a.m. and 9:23 a.m. is also addressed.

    View Document (PDF 2 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0053599
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Highway 4, Wentworth

    This document summarizes evidence currently available to the Commission in relation to the events on April 19, 2020, at Highway 4, Wentworth, Nova Scotia, including RCMP radio communications and movements. It addresses a homicide in that area. It also references another homicide, which is detailed in the 2328 Hunter Road Foundational Document. Focus is placed on civilian and police observations, communications and responses. The movement of the perpetrator through the community is also addressed.

    View Document (PDF 3 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0053597
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Highway 4, Glenholme

    This document summarizes material currently available to the Commission in relation to the events occurring in Glenholme, Nova Scotia, between 9:00 a.m. and 10:08 a.m. on April 19, 2020. This document addresses the sighting of the perpetrator by police as he travelled south on Highway 4, the perpetrator’s attendance at a residence on Highway 4, the police response and the perpetrator’s rapid departure from this property towards Plains Road in Debert. Specific reference is made in this document to the homicide in Wentworth, homicides at Plains Road, as well as to the fire on Hunter Road. This document contains images of the perpetrator.

    View Document (PDF 5 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0053596
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Plains Road, Debert

    This document summarizes evidence currently available to the Commission in relation to the events on April 19, 2020, at Plains Road, Debert, Nova Scotia. It covers two homicides in the area including a female victim who was pregnant at the time. Focus is placed on civilian and police observations, communications and responses. The movements of the perpetrator through the community are also addressed.

    View Document (PDF 9 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0053598
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Onslow Belmont Fire Brigade Hall

    This document summarizes information currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the events of April 19, 2020, at the Onslow Belmont Fire Brigade Hall. It addresses events that occurred between 8:00 a.m. and 6:30 p.m., and includes the “blue-on-blue” incident that occurred outside the community comfort centre set up by the Emergency Management Office at the fire hall. Focus is placed on first-hand accounts of RCMP officers, witness accounts of neighbours and travellers in the area, and fire hall volunteers who were present during the incident. Reference is also made to homicides committed by the perpetrator.

    View Document (PDF 6 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0053832
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Shubenacadie

    This document summarizes evidence currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the events on April 19, 2020, in Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia. It covers homicides and shootings that took place in the area. Focus is placed on civilian and police observations, communications, and responses. The movement of the perpetrator through the community is also addressed. Reference is also made to the homicides in Wentworth, Plains Road and Highway 224. This document contains images of the perpetrator.

    View Document (PDF 9 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0053830
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Highway 224

    This document summarizes material currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to events on April 19, 2020, on and around Highway 224, Nova Scotia. It addresses a homicide in that area, the movements of the perpetrator, the RCMP response to the residence, and the actions taken by RCMP members to try to intercept the perpetrator on Highway 224 south of Shubenacadie. Reference is also made to the vehicle of a previous homicide victim.

    View Document (PDF 8 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0053831
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.
    COMM0053831

  • Enfield Big Stop

    This document summarizes material currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the events prior to and at the Irving Big Stop gas station in Enfield, Nova Scotia, on April 19, 2020. Focus is placed on the movements and actions of the RCMP Emergency Response Team as they searched for the perpetrator through Elmsdale and on their final encounter with the perpetrator in Enfield. The document also references the attempts of general duty RCMP members to intercept the perpetrator. Multiple homicides are referenced in this document. The document discusses audio, video, witness and forensic information in relation to the killing of the perpetrator, including detailed discussion of the perpetrator’s post-mortem examination results. This document contains images of the perpetrator.

    View Document (PDF 8 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0052490
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Police Paraphernalia

    This document summarizes material currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission Counsel in relation to the perpetrator’s access to, possession of, and use of police paraphernalia, including the decommissioned replica RCMP cruiser. The document organizes and sources references to audio, video, witness, and forensic evidence. There is some discussion of forensic evidence recovered from scenes and deceased individuals. There are images of the perpetrator in this document as well as images of the perpetrator’s clothing as found in the aftermath of the mass casualty, which may be disturbing.

    View Document (PDF 3 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0055715
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Confirmation of Replica RCMP Cruiser

    This document summarizes material currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the perpetrator’s use of a replica RCMP vehicle during the April 18–19, 2020, mass casualty in Nova Scotia. It includes the perceptions, understandings, and analyses of RCMP members with respect to the possibility that the perpetrator was in possession of a fully marked replica RCMP cruiser. Homicides of multiple people are referenced in this document, as is the witness encounter with the perpetrator, where the perpetrator shot and injured a resident.

    View Document (PDF 4 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0055720
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Firearms

    This document summarizes material currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the perpetrator’s access to firearms and associated equipment and ammunition. This includes the perpetrator’s preparation and research, his history with firearms, and his access to the firearms and associated equipment and ammunition used on April 18 and 19, 2020. This document contains images of the perpetrator’s firearms, as found in the aftermath of the mass casualty, which may be disturbing.

    View Document (PDF 1 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0056215
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Alert Ready in Nova Scotia

    This document summarizes material currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the policy and roll-out of Alert Ready in Nova Scotia before, at the time of, and after the mass casualty.

    View Document (PDF 425 KB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0057390
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • RCMP Emergency Response Team (ERT)

    This document summarizes evidence currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the movements, actions and observations of the RCMP’s Emergency Response Teams (ERT) from Nova Scotia (H-Division) and New Brunswick (J-Division) during the mass casualty of April 18 and 19, 2020. Focus is placed on the H-Division’s travel to and actions in and around Portapique including the evacuation of residents that was interrupted by the perpetrator’s re-emergence in Wentworth.

    View Document (PDF 5 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0057766
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • RCMP Command Post, Operational Command Centre and Command Decisions

    This document summarizes information currently available to the Mass Casualty Commission in relation to the actions, decisions, and information-sharing of the RCMP’s critical incident command personnel and dispatching staff on April 18 and 19, 2020 in Nova Scotia. Focus is placed on the information received by the RCMP during the mass casualty, and the actions, decisions, and communications made in response thereto. Consideration is given to the actions and decisions of RCMP commanding officers, Risk Managers, Critical Incident Commanders, Emergency Response Team (ERT) Team Leaders, responding Staff Sergeants, and operators at the RCMP’s Operational Communications Centre (OCC).

    View Document (PDF 4 MB)
    Published:
    Document ID: COMM0057771
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

Policy Documents

Policy Documents include materials gathered by the Commission and shared throughout proceedings that include summaries of key information about legislation or policies relating to areas in the Commission’s mandate. Related source materials are found in the list below and/or are hyperlinked within the document.

  • Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) Firearms Policy

    This document summarizes material reviewed to date by the Mass Casualty Commission regarding Canada Border Service Agency’s policies and procedures with respect to firearms. This document is subject to change as the understanding of counsel for the Participants and the Commission evolves.

    View Document (PDF 539 KB)
    Document ID: COMM0056216
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Legislative Brief: Police Impersonation and Paraphernalia

    The purpose of this document is to provide information about the law applicable to police impersonation and police paraphernalia at the time of the mass casualty in April 2020. It is intended to assist the Commission in fulfilling its mandate by providing factual information about the rules in place at the time. It does not provide any commentary, evaluations, or recommendations.

    View Document (PDF 599 KB)
    Document ID: COMM0009543
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Legislative Brief: Firearms

    The purpose of this document is to provide information about the law applicable to the acquisition, possession, transfer, import, and use of firearms at the time of the mass casualty in April 2020. The emphasis is on illegal possession, import, and use since the perpetrator did not have a firearms licence. It is intended to assist the Commission with the fulfillment of its mandate by providing factual information about the rules in place at the time. It does not provide commentary, evaluations or recommendations..

    View Document (PDF 1 MB)
    Document ID: COMM0018403
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

  • Legislative Brief: Alert System

    The purpose of this document is to provide the law applicable to the National Public Alerting System (also called “Alert Ready”). Although this system was not used during the mass casualty in April 2020, an understanding of it is requisite to the work of the Commission. This document is intended to assist the Commission with the fulfillment of its mandate by providing factual information about the laws and regulations in place at the time.

    View Document (PDF 952 KB)
    Document ID: COMM0034780
    Related source materials can be found in the full list below on this page.

Source Materials and Additional Exhibits

Find source materials and additional exhibits tabled throughout the proceedings below. You can search for documents by using keywords from titles or the COMM#. You can also filter by document and/or file type.

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  • Additional exhibits will be added on this page as they are entered throughout proceedings. Additional exhibits are often documents that have been tabled a part of the official record but do not relate to a specific Foundational Document, and may include submissions from Participants.
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  • If you have questions about accessing Commission source materials or issues with a particular document, please email info@MassCasualtyCommission.ca.

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