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On March 30, 2023, the Mass Casualty Commission released its Final Report – Turning the Tide Together – in Truro, Nova Scotia and delivered to the Governors in Council of Nova Scotia and of Canada. The work of the Commission has now concluded.

Final Report

The final report is organized thematically across seven volumes. Recommendations, main findings, and lessons learned are woven throughout the report. The executive summary provides a condensed overview of the final report.

Executive summary

Executive Summary

Serves as an overview of the Commission’s final report.

List of Recommendations 
(339 KB)

Volume 1

Volume 1:

Context and Purpose

Sets out the context and purpose of the Commission’s work.

Volume 2

Volume 2:

What Happened

Provides a comprehensive record of what happened leading up to, during, and in the aftermath of the mass casualty of April 18 and 19, 2020.

View Timeline

Volume 3

Volume 3:


Shines a light on the root causes of violence in our communities and how they can be addressed.

Volume 4

Volume 4:


Sets out how we must invest in a public safety system in which multiple partners work together every day with substantial community engagement.

Volume 5

Volume 5:


Brings forward ways to rethink policing in Canada as part of an expanded community safety approach.

Volume 6

Volume 6:


Explains why community safety is a shared responsibility and how all of us have work to do. Focuses on how to implement the many recommendations in this report.

Volume 7

Volume 7:


Describes the various processes involved in leading and designing the Mass Casualty Commission. This volume provides a comprehensive record of the steps we took and the reasons behind them.

Volume 7 Appendices (5 MB)

  • Additional documents:
    • Annex A - Sample documents (8 MB): Contains samples and guiding documents prepared in the course of our work. These annexed documents provide further insight into our processes that we hope will assist future inquiries.
    • Annex B - Reports (34 MB): Contains reports commissioned throughout our work, as well as reports prepared by the Commission team.
    • Annex C - Exhibit List (5 MB): Contains the full list of materials marked as exhibits by the Commission during public proceedings, or through Orders outside public proceedings.

Please note: Following the release of the Final Report, the Commission worked to finalize the development of documents with accessibility features added. On May 12, 2023, the Executive Summary and all seven volumes were replaced with these accessible documents. Within this accessible version, a small number of very minor edits - ex. misspelled words or missing punctuation, were also corrected.

Wellness Information and Guides

The final report of the Mass Casualty Commission contains material that may be distressing or emotionally overwhelming. These resources have information and guides to support your wellness, or help support the wellness of others while reading the report or discussing its content.

If you require immediate help, resources or services, please see the Wellness Support page on the Commission website.

Content Warning: The following video contains scenes including the discharging of firearms causing death. There is a “quick exit” button at the top of the website if you need it, and Wellness Supports are also listed.

Some of the information within this website may be disturbing or upsetting for some visitors. This website deals with information about events that include gun and other violence, including gender-based violence and intimate partner violence. If you need to leave at any point, there is a “quick exit” button at the top of the website. This website also includes some suggested resources, should you be in need of support.

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